Cat Behaviour Guide

 In Blog

Have you ever wondered why your cat behaves in that way? This is a cat behaviour guide that will help you understand a variety of issues, such as hunting behavior, breeding behavior, body language, how the cats feel etc.

Understand cat language

Cat Aggression

Aggression in cats is usually an act of defense. Cats are “terrestrial” species and usually lonely. If a cat’s site is threatened by another, then she will stand up against her and behave aggressively to warn.

Aggression is quite complicated in cats and is divided into many categories, such as learning aggression and fear aggression.

Aggression by Learning: The owner of the cat is used to rewarding the cat when showing aggressive behavior. This for the cat means that it has achieved its goal. If the cat bite or scratch the owner, he often gives her a toy or a little food to distract her. This makes the cat realizes that aggression bring results and repeats it to get what she wants.

Learning aggression can easily be stopped. If the cat does not get what it wants, it will skip this behaviour. In these cases, aversion techniques are useful, such as a water gun or a water sprayer. This will scare the cat without harming her while it will make her realize that this is the new reward, avoiding in the future the behavior that causes it. In such cases, physical punishment is not appropriate and it will only encourage the cat to continue its aggressive behavior.

Fear Aggression: There are times when the cat “escapes” for no reason whatsoever. In such cases, it is preferable to let the cat calm down before approaching it, even if you know it well. Try to realize what it was that made her angry.

Bend of the back

If the cat is threatened by another animal, e.g. a dog, will curve her spine in the shape of an arc, lift her coat, and stands in a side position in front of the threat in order to look bigger and more threatening.

During this behaviour, it will make the distinctive hissing sound which is similar to the sound of a snake that threatens to attack. Experienced cats know that the best approach is defense through the attack, rather than fleeing. If they flee, this will indicate to the aggressors that the cat is … food and will embody animal hunting instinct like the dog. The more courageous a cat is, the more chances it has to escape.


cat_scratchCats can be devastating inside the house, scratching doors, furniture, carpeting etc. Usually, there is a reason for this behavior. It is best to try to understand why it behaves like that. It feels likely to be threatened or insecure due to a threat to its area or a new smell that has entered the house. You need to help the cat to realize that the home is a safe place.

There are many scratching posts on the market, which usually have a catnip scent, that encourages the cat to rub into them. The key for a successful scratcher is the height. That’s because cats like to stretch when they use it, so make sure it’s tall enough to avoid throw away your money. You can also make it by yourself. Just make sure that this wood or liner is not the same as that of the furniture from which you want to remove the cat !!! The results will be fatal!

Cats however need to practice their nails and they will do it where they feel they like it. You can encourage your cat to use the scratcher by “bribing” it with treats when it does it. Thus, the cat will learn that her behavior is recognized and that she also benefits from that. To discourage the practice of nails in furniture, try sprinkling it with water that you put in a spray. Do not punish or hit the cat, because this will cause it to respond against you.


Fluids and especially water are a major factor in the existence of cats. Usually we give milk to cats, but this is best avoided because many cats are allergic to lactose, which usually causes them diarrhea.

The smell of running water is particularly appealing to some cats, because this water is free of chemical odors or detergents from what we use to clean the bowl or filter the water.

Some cats are repelled from the bowl from which they drink because this is plastic. They usually prefer ceramics or glass bowls.

The perimeter of the bowl must be such that it does not touch the cat’s whiskers because it makes it uncomfortable.

Ears of the Cat

Unlike humans, ears play a major role in cat communication. The cats have 20-30 muscles controlling their movement, which can turn at an angle of 180 degrees and move independently from each other.

There are five basic indications of the ears, calm, on the lookout, annoyed, defensive and aggressive:

Quiet happy cat: Usually the cat will have its ears positioned forward with a slight backward inclination, as if it wants to hear interesting sounds. When the cat hears some interesting sound, then her ears will change to standby.

Cat on the lookout: The ears will straighten more due to pressure from the fore muscles. If the ears start twisting, then this is an indication that the cat feels rather anxious or nervous about a sound or condition.

An annoyed cat: If the cat feels clash, frustration or anxiety, it often displays a nerve contraction of the ears.

Defensive cat: The cat’s ears in defense are totally lowered. This is also a practical defensive mechanism so if the cat gets involved in a fight, her ears will not get injured.

Aggressive cat: The ears are rotated but not fully depressed, with the backs visible from the front.


There are three reasons why some people think that cats are feeling the earthquakes. One is that cats are sensitive to instant vibrations that intensify before an earthquake. The second is that cats respond to static electricity that occurs before an earthquake. The third is that cats are sensitized to sudden changes in the Earth’s magnetic field, which accompany the earthquakes. In any case, it is certain that the cats are disturbed and alerted shortly before major earthquakes occur. This makes some believe that they are being intuited and so they are predicting them.

Signs of the eyes

Fear or overstimulation: If the cat is afraid or if she is over-excited, her pupils will expand.

Bother: An annoyed cat will fold her ears, her pupils will expand and her whiskers will be folded forward.

Game and hunting: The ears become sharp and the pupils dilate.

Peace and relaxation: A calm cat will loose ears and whiskers. The pupil’s dilation depends on the light.

Fight: The shaking of the entire tail is an indication of anger, but when the tail is kept idle and stretched out on the back, this is an indication that the cat will attack. Most cats to be attacked show signs of fear and aggression.

The scene is as follows: A cat discovers a rival cat in her area. This cat will stand in a way that looks bigger and majestic, inflating the hair of her back and tail and deeply grunting. Then he will approach the opponent with slow, careful movements, watching him constantly. As the two cats are approaching, each of the two makes the well-known hissing sound, which is a threat of attack. If one of the two does not back, then a long period of inactivity will follow, until one of the two attacks.

Cat food

Here are some tricks you can do with food:

Do not serve food directly from the refrigerator because cats do not like cold food. It is unpleasant for their tongue, while hot food contains more aroma and is therefore more enjoyable.

Do not serve food near the litter box. Cats are very clean animals that adore hygiene and do not like to eat where they go for toilet.

If you try to get your cat used to a new kind of food, mix the new one with the old one, gradually reducing the amount of the old one. Thus, its digestive system will become more accustomed to the new food.

Anorexia: If your cat starts losing weight, consult your veterinarian immediately.

Obesity: Until recently, obesity in cats was not a serious problem. Restraining the cat at home and lack of exercise contributed to the problem. In homes with more cats some of them tend to eat more and others less because of stress. Try to increase the time you play with your cat to help them burn out excess fat.

Grass marsh

Some cats like to chew greens. The reasons they like that are not fully understood, but it is said that the grass helps them to digest the hairballs and causes vomiting, through which the hairballs are eliminated. This habit is not dangerous unless the grass is sprayed with insecticides or pesticides. It is advisable to supply your cat yourself with a pot in which you have planted grain seeds. Most likely it will appreciate it!


Cats are greeting face to face. When your cat is rubbed on your feet, it does so to release the scent on it and feel more intimate. Some cats are used to jumping to higher places to welcome us face to face. In fact they do so to exchange smells with us, because cats are oriented with smell and like to be surrounded by familiar smells. So, by rubbing on us in essence, they leave their scent on us.


cat_grooming-Cats take care of their hygiene.

-There is a specific order in their grooming:

-Lipping the lips

-Rolling one end of the foot to moisten

-Rubbing the wet foot on the head (ears, eyes, cheeks and chin)

-Swing the other foot in the same way

-Squeeze the other foot on the other side of the head

-Leaning on the front legs and shoulders

-Galling of the genitals

-Hind legs

-Leaning the tail from base to edge

Long-haired cats have more difficulty in grooming. It is good to learn to the cat to tolerate grooming, so it does not complain.


The cat has the hunter’s physique (teeth, nails, body type). Cats learn to hunt at just 6 weeks of age. The mother cat will bring dead prey to the kittens to eat. Gradually it will bring live prey to learn them chase.

Cats are twilight hunters and chase shortly before dark and shortly before dawn. At that time their game is more vulnerable and the cat sees better and chases more effectively.

Many cats have a double life: they are cats next to the fireplace and malicious hunters. Although these cats do not need to hunt for food, they still like to chase guided by their instinct.


Cats are crazy for sleeping. Unlike humans, they can sleep throughout the day. However, just like people, they have different stages in their sleep, from light to deep sleep.

Cats sleep on average 16 hours a day. Unlike humans, they can sleep at intervals by taking breaks. It is not certain that cats are dreaming. When entering the REM (rapid eye movement) a cat may have spasms, mumble, scratch or snore. From this it follows that he obviously dreams, but this has not been proven.

Looking at the eyes

Looking at the eyes is considered a threat, so it may scare a cat and make it avoid direct eye contact.

If you shout your cat in a loud voice, it is likely to turn her back and not respond to your call. This behavior is adopted by the cat to avoid confrontation, so to diminish the electrified atmosphere will possibly want to ignore you. This behavior is also used in other cats that cause it. The cat that challenge it will look in the eyes vigorously and the defending cat will look anywhere else, but not the cat that challenges.


Until very recently, cats lived exclusively outside, and their main occupation was limited to their instincts, hunting, patrolling, branding of areas. As long as the cat is confined within the environment, problems grow. Although the cat has great adaptability, problems arise from the inability of a human to understand his or her natural needs, misinterpreting her physiological behavior as problematic.

People are accustomed to not understanding the cause and the reason.

The man would punish the cat if she did a house damage as long as he was away. If the cat repeats the same damage, the man will punish her again by returning home. The cat who rejoices at the return of her owner will receive aggression from him, unable to understand the reason. So she will begin to fear and begin to avoid the owner because he can not associate aggression with the “damage” he did before. The relationship of the two will go from evil to worse.

Cats live for the present and do not reflect the past nor are they eager for the future. Therefore, the perception of time by the cat is very different from that of the human being. Many owners believe that because of this, cats are not tamed, which is not clear.

Avoid punishments such as voices, screaming or hitting. In extreme cases of repeating bad behavior prefer a watering sprayer with which you will spray your cat IMMEDIATELY as soon as you see it doing the damage to help make the link.

Cat Spraying

Cat urine is used to mark their area with their odor. This marking is considered to be a basic and normal behavior for all felines.

The most unpleasant form of marking is spraying, which should not be confused with urination. Spraying is a deliberate action that is attempted regardless of whether the cat’s cyst is full or not. When she urinates the cat lowers her back, while when she is standing she stands upright. This is deliberately done so that the spray is done at the tip of the nose. Unprotected males are often used to spray to mark their site. The smell is left to be fully informed by the rest of the cat population of the area for who is the leader of the area.

The sterilization of the male cat often stops the behavior. However, several cats will spray if they have anxiety or to confirm their presence in the area.


Kittens begin to pursue at the age of a few days. Purring is a sign to their mother that “everything is OK”. The cat’s mom in response will snort to increase the sense of security and bliss of the cats.

Purring is the most important sound the cat does to man, which we perceive as happiness and pleasure. Although this is true, however scared or wounded also purr. This is done to show “no threat”, to give the signal that “I am helpless and I do not threaten you”, while the happy cat makes it a sign of pleasure.

Various theories have been developed on how the cat is purring. One is that the purr is caused by the larynx and the diaphragm. Another claims it is caused by vibration of the vocal cords behind the larynx. The third argues that as the blood passes through the liver and the diaphragm is pulsing the chest (and not the vocal cords). Unfortunately, science has not yet come to an end! However, if you put your hands on the cat’s throat as it purrs you will notice that the sound comes from the vocal cords.


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