Cat ear mites home treatment
Cat ear mites is the causative factor of otodectosis, a dangerous cat disease. It is a contagious, invasive disease that, in neglected cases, can be very harmful. Obstruction occurs with damage to the inner surface of the ear. More often, the mites are in the ear skin, the external auditory duct and the tympanic membrane.
The edema may occur in several ways:
- close contact of a cat with sick animals.
- joint maintenance of health and ill animals;
- through ticks affected by mites (hygiene items, dishes, litter, etc.).
Symptoms and diagnosis of ear mites in cats
The first sign of the disease, which the cat owner needs to watch, is the redness, scarring and itching of the inner surface of the ear and the external ear canal. The animal is worried, constantly kneading his head and trying to comb the affected areas of the ear skin with nails.
As the disease develops, the cat’s condition deteriorates:
- The infection of the skin occurs at the injection site of the tick.
- liquid begins to be released (serous exudate);
- Through time a scar is formed.
The amount of purulent increases, accumulates in the folds of the ear, closes the ear canal and gets an unpleasant odor.
Further, in the absence of therapeutic measures, the animal has hearing loss, the tympanic membrane can perforate, the inflammatory process spreads to the inner and middle ear, and in particularly severe cases the brain envelopes are affected.
Another adverse development of the disease scenario is the complication of a second (secondary) bacterial infection, so the cat may die.
In order not to lose the appearance of the disease, it is necessary to regularly clean the acoustic passages of the animal from accumulated secretions, to examine them for the presence of:
- inflammatory processes.
- large amounts of sulfur.
- crust with an unpleasant odor.
If the examination of the above signs is not found, there is no cause for concern.
It is also necessary to observe the general condition of the animal, if the cat is depressed, has a fever or the pet constantly leans head to ear, then this is a serious reason for seeking special help from a veterinarian.
Ear scabs have similar clues to other ear diseases, so only one specialist will be able to accurately diagnose and prescribe the right treatment. Any self-medication can lead to the death of a cat.
- Providing good, competent care.
- Try to avoid direct contact with animals that have already become ill cats, dogs.
- Watch pet hygiene items, utensils, carpets, carrying bags.
- Make sure they are clean, washed periodically, cleaned and, if possible, disinfected and removed
Usually, ear mites are found on stray cats and dogs, so there is little chance of scabbing a pet. But to avoid an unpleasant story, it is best to protect the pet from touching courtyards, stray animals etc.
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There are a huge number of drugs for the treatment of disease, the action of which is directed to destroying the ear mite. May be:
- (Amitrazine, Tactician, Amit, Acromectin, Amitraz).
- powders, ointments, aerosols,
- In particularly serious and neglected cases, intramuscular injections should be administered with specific antiparasitic drugs, for example Odectin.
All medical procedures are quite simple and can be done independently. Just do not forget that mites of the ear are very dangerous, difficult to treat the disease, so it should be treated under the strict supervision of a veterinarian.
Before treating the ear with a medicine, it is necessary to clean the ear canal from scabies and pus. This is done by means of cotton buds which have been pre-moistened with camphor alcohol, and a 2% hydrogen peroxide solution can be used to better separate the crust.
After that, in both ears, instil such a drop of drops, which is stated in the instructions for the medicine. The ear is slightly softened in the base for better penetration of the drug.
The veterinarian may prescribe antibiotics in addition to any treatment. Usually this happens when the disease is complicated by the development of secondary bacterial infection.
To prevent repeated cat infection, it is advisable to wet-clean the sites once a week.